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Computing

The Tur­ing Test Overview of Turing’s Theory The Com­puter Ency­clo­pe­dia defines the Tur­ing test as: The “acid test” of true arti­fi­cial intel­li­gence, as defined by the Eng­lish sci­en­tist Alan Tur­ing. In the 1940s, he said “a machine has arti­fi­cial intel­li­gence when there is no dis­cernible dif­fer­ence between the con­ver­sa­tion gen­er­ated by the machine and that of an intel­li­gent per­son” (2011). Alan Tur­ing referred to his test as “The Imi­…

Inter­net Sys­tem Design Overview of the design of the Internet The orig­i­nal con­cept was to make the net­work resis­tant to a nuclear war. One or sev­eral nodes could be destroyed with­out dev­as­tat­ing con­se­quences for the net­work as a whole, thanks to its dis­trib­uted char­ac­ter. The big inno­va­tion was that data trans­mis­sion was based on ‘packet switch­ing’. This tech­nique divides the infor­ma­tion con­tent of a mes­sage into small elec­tronic pack­ages…